Development Environment

·

3 min read

Ubuntu 22.04

Add Account

尽量不要使用 root 账号来开发

$ useradd fuwx
$ passwd fuwx

添加用户 sudoers

$ sed -i '/^root.*ALL=(ALL).*ALL/a\fuwx\tALL=(ALL) \tALL' /etc/sudoers

Bash

配置 $HOME/.bashrc 文件

# .bashrc

# User specific aliases and functions

alias rm='rm -i'
alias cp='cp -i'
alias mv='mv -i'

# Source global definitions
if [ -f /etc/bashrc ]; then
        . /etc/bashrc
fi

# User specific environment
# Basic envs
export LANG="en_US.UTF-8" # 设置系统语言为 en_US.UTF-8,避免终端出现中文乱码
export PS1='[\u@dev \W]\$ ' # 默认的 PS1 设置会展示全部的路径,为了防止过长,这里只展示:"用户名@dev 最后的目录名"
export WORKSPACE="$HOME/workspace" # 设置工作目录
export PATH=$HOME/bin:$PATH # 将 $HOME/bin 目录加入到 PATH 变量中

# Default entry folder
cd $WORKSPACE # 登录系统,默认进入 workspace 目录

GitHub

$ git config --global user.name "fuwx"    # 用户名改成自己的
$ git config --global user.email "f2928560492@163.com"    # 邮箱改成自己的
$ git config --global credential.helper store    # 设置 Git,保存用户名和密码
$ git config --global core.longpaths true # 解决 Git 中 'Filename too long' 的错误

$ git config --global core.quotepath off
$ git lfs install --skip-repo

APT

配置 apt 镜像源

先备份 apt 配置文件

$ cp /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list.bak

编辑 apt 配置文件

$ vim /etc/apt/sources.list

镜像源选择

  • 中科大

      deb https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic main restricted universe multiverse
      deb-src https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic main restricted universe multiverse
      deb https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-updates main restricted universe multiverse
      deb-src https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-updates main restricted universe multiverse
      deb https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
      deb-src https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
      deb https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-security main restricted universe multiverse
      deb-src https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-security main restricted universe multiverse
      deb https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
      deb-src https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-proposed main restricted universe multiverse阿里云
    
  • 阿里云

      deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ bionic main restricted universe multiverse
      deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ bionic-security main restricted universe multiverse
      deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ bionic-updates main restricted universe multiverse
      deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ bionic-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
      deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
      deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ bionic main restricted universe multiverse
      deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ bionic-security main restricted universe multiverse
      deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ bionic-updates main restricted universe multiverse
      deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ bionic-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
      deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse清华
    
  • 清华

      deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic main restricted universe multiverse
      deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic main restricted universe multiverse
      deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-updates main restricted universe multiverse
      deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-updates main restricted universe multiverse
      deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
      deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
      deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-security main restricted universe multiverse
      deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-security main restricted universe multiverse
      deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
      deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-proposed main restricted universe
    

Go

配置 golang 环境

$ go env -w GO111MODULE=on
$ go env -w GOPROXY=https://goproxy.io,direct

Cargo

配置 $HOME/.cargo/config.toml 文件

[registries]
ustc = { index = "https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/crates.io-index/" }

在项目中 Cargo.toml 中配置即可

[dependencies]
time = {  registry = "ustc" }

Docker

Docker 镜像服务器设置

  1. 编辑 /etc/docker/daemon.json 配置文件

     $ sudo nano /etc/docker/daemon.json
    
     {
       "registry-mirrors": [
         "https://hub-mirror.c.163.com",
         "https://docker.mirrors.ustc.edu.cn",
         "https://mirror.baidubce.com"
       ]
     }
    
  2. 重启 Docker 服务

     $ sudo systemctl daemon-reload 
     $ sudo systemctl restart docker